ASTHMA IS A LONG-TERM LUNG CONDITION THAT CAN CAUSE BREATHING PROBLEMS1
People with asthma have sensitive airways (passage that carries air in and out of your lungs), which can become inflamed and narrowed when triggered by something, also known as an asthma trigger. This makes it harder for air to flow, which causes breathing problems.1,2
Airways are not inflamed and
air can flow freely3,4
Airways are inflamed and swollen,
reducing air flow3
Airways are extremely swollen and
narrow, severely reducing air flow4
Common asthma symptoms include:2,5,6
Whistling sound when
Shortness of breath
Unable to take deep,
Feeling of having pressure
on the chest or insides
Typically, a dry cough that
may worsen at night or
in the early morning
Other conditions can cause these symptoms, but in asthma, the symptoms often follow a pattern:5
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. What is asthma? 2022. Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/asthma. Accessed November 2022.
- GINA. Global strategy for asthma management and prevention, 2022. Available at: https://ginasthma.org/gina-reports/. Accessed November 2022.
- Sinyor B & Perez LC. Pathophysiology of asthma, In: StatPearls, 2022. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK551579/. Accessed November 2022.
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Asthma attack, 2022. Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/asthma/attacks. Accessed November 2022.
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Symptoms, 2022. Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/asthma/symptoms. Accessed November 2022.
- Niimi A. Curr Respir Med Rev. 2011;7(1):47–54.
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NP-SG-ASU-WCNT-230001. April 2023.